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Asplenium trichomanes (Maidenhair spleenwort)
Smith, R.W.

Asplenium trichomanes

Asplenium trichomanes L.

Maidenhair Spleenwort

Aspleniaceae (Spleenwort Family)


USDA Symbol: ASTR2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), HI (NI?), CAN (N), GL (N)

Dainty, narrow, 2-10 in. evergreen fronds are all alike and spring in rosettes of from 10 to more than 100. The stems are dark brown and the pinnae are opposite and notched on their upper edges.


From the Image Gallery

3 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb , Fern
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Size Notes: Fronds up to about 10 inches long.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Not Applicable
Bloom Notes: Not a flowering plant. Reproduces by spores.


USA: AK , AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , HI , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: BC , NB , NL , NS , ON
Native Distribution: Que. to s.e. Man., locally s. to VA, uplands of GA & AL, OK & TX; also s. Alt. & B.C., interruptedly s. to CO, AZ & CA
Native Habitat: Woodland, Rocky Bluff

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist humus among limestone rocks.
Conditions Comments: Requires little special care, although it may benefit by protection from winter and early spring winds.


Description: Propagation is by rootstock division.
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Natural Biodiversity - Johnstown, PA
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE

Additional resources

USDA: Find Asplenium trichomanes in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Asplenium trichomanes in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Asplenium trichomanes


Record Modified: 2022-05-04
Research By: TWC Staff

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