Arethusa bulbosa L.
Dragon's Mouth, Swamp Pink
Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)
USDA Symbol: ARBU
A smooth stalk bearing 1-3 long, tubular, sheathing, nearly bladeless leaves and topped by 1 bright pink, fragrant flower.
Named for the fountain nymph Arethusa, the flower suggests an animals open mouth. Its unusual lip petal serves as a platform for insects, especially bumblebees, that enter the flower for nectar and pick up the powdery pollen masses as they leave. (Niering)
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 0-1 ft. , 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: CT , DC , DE , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , VA , VT , WI
Canada: NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Saskatchewan east to Newfoundland, south to South Carolina, and north and northwest to Ohio, Illinois, and Minnesota.
Native Habitat: Bogs, swamps, and wet meadows.
Growing ConditionsSoil Moisture: Wet
BenefitUse Wildlife: Bees
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Natural Biodiversity - Johnstown, PA
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Arethusa bulbosa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Arethusa bulbosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Arethusa bulbosa
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff