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Anemone berlandieri (Tenpetal anemone)
Marcus, Joseph A.

Anemone berlandieri

Anemone berlandieri Pritz.

Tenpetal Anemone, Tenpetal Thimbleweed, Windflower, Southern Anemone, Granny's Nightcap

Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)

Synonym(s): Anemone decapetala, Anemone decapetala var. heterophylla, Anemone heterophylla


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Southern anemone plants are 6-20 inches tall, with 1 greenish-white or purplish-blue flower to a stem. The few leaves are well below the flower, often near the ground. The parts of the flower that look like petals are actually the 10-20 sepals. The pistils form a conelike structure about 1 inch long (248).

Named for French-Swiss physician Jean Louis Berlandier (1805-1851) who collected plants in Texas and northern Mexico.


From the Image Gallery

72 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Up to about 20 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Blue , Purple , Violet
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr
Bloom Notes: This plant has no petals. The sepals are colored.


USA: AL , AR , FL , GA , KS , LA , MS , NC , OK , SC , TX , VA
Native Habitat: Throughout Texas. Well-drained sandy or calcareous clay soils.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Conditions Comments: Wind-flower is one of the first plants to bloom in the spring, then it goes dormant in the summer. The small plants produce flowers up to 1.5 inches across. Seeds fly away in the breeze, giving the plant its common name.


Warning: POISONOUS PARTS: All parts when fresh. Toxic only if eaten in large quantities. Symptoms include inflammation and blistering upon contact with fresh sap and irritation of the mouth, vomiting and diarrhea following ingestion. (Poisonous Plants of N.C.)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Find Seed or Plants

Order seed of this species from Native American Seed and help support the Wildflower Center.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Patsy Glenn Refuge, c/o Wimberley Birding Society - Wimberley, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX

Herbarium Specimen(s)

NPSOT 0191 Collected Mar. 15, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White

1 specimen(s) available in the Digital Herbarium

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-67 Collected 2003-03-31 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Anemone berlandieri in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Anemone berlandieri in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Anemone berlandieri


Record Modified: 2023-05-03
Research By: TWC Staff

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