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Allotropa virgata

Allotropa virgata Torr. & A. Gray ex A. Gray

Sugarstick, Candystick

Monotropaceae (Indian Pipe Family)


USDA Symbol: ALVI2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

A monotypic genus, Allotropa virgata is achlorophyllous and is mycoheterotrophic; that is, it utilizes the mycelium of the Matsutake Mushroom fungus (Tricholoma matsutake) to obtain carbon from the roots of conifers in the Pacific Northwest. Lustrous, erect, leafless, scaly stems resembling peppermint sticks with flowers hanging in a raceme along top.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: CA , ID , MT , NV , OR , WA
Canada: BC
Native Distribution: British Columbia south to southern Sierra Nevada.
Native Habitat: In humus of coniferous forests.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Allotropa virgata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Allotropa virgata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Allotropa virgata


Record Modified: 2016-03-04
Research By: TWC Staff

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