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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Alternanthera paronychioides

Alternanthera paronychioides A. St.-Hil.

Smooth Joyweed

Amaranthaceae (Amaranth family)


USDA Symbol: ALPA17

USDA Native Status: L48 (NI), PR (N), VI (N)

This species includes botanical varieties that are North American natives. However, it also includes botanical varieties that are not native to North America, e.g. Alternanthera paronychioides var. amazonica, Smooth Joyweed. Non-native taxa are not treated in this database.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Pyxis
Size Notes: Up to about 32 inches tall.
Fruit: Utricle.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec


USA: AL , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , NJ , PA , SC , TX
Native Habitat: Ballast ground, swamps, sandy places, limestone near salt water.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Alternanthera paronychioides in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Alternanthera paronychioides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Alternanthera paronychioides


Record Modified: 2022-03-09
Research By: CBR

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