Acer nigrum Michx. f.
Aceraceae (Maple Family)
Synonym(s): Acer nigrum var. palmeri, Acer saccharum ssp. nigrum, Acer saccharum var. nigrum, Acer saccharum var. viride, Saccharodendron nigrum
USDA Symbol: ACNI5
A tall tree with a straight central trunk in the forest and a widely spreading branch system in the open. Very similar in all characteristics to sugar maple. Yellow to orange-red fall foliage.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Opposite
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Venation: Palmate
Leaf Pubescence: Tomentose
Leaf Margin: Lobed
Fruit Type: Samara
Size Notes: Up to about 100 feet tall.
Autumn Foliage: yes
Flower: Flowers small
Fruit: Green, brown, two-winged horseshoe-shaped samaras about 1 in long, appearing in clusters.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Flowers appear with the leaves.
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , MA , MD , MI , MN , MO , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , SD , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NS , ON , QC
Native Distribution: NH to s. Ont., MI & s.e. MN, s. to n.e. NJ, PA, MO & extreme n. AR; also NC & TN mts.
Native Habitat: Bottomlands; drier, calcareous sites; woods
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Dry to moist, often calcareous soils.
PropagationDescription: Propagation is possible by seed. Not considered easy to root from cuttings.
Seed Collection: The winged fruit of maples is called a samara. Seed is usually not extracted from the samara.
Seed Treatment: Cold stratify in a moist sand or peat/perlite mixture for 60-90 days.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Natural Biodiversity - Johnstown, PA
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
Web ReferenceWebref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Acer nigrum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Acer nigrum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Acer nigrum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-04-26
Research By: TWC Staff