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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Abies balsamea var. balsamea

Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. balsamea

Balsam Fir

Pinaceae (Pine family)

Synonym(s): Pinus balsamea


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Size Notes: Up to about 75 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Orange , Green , Blue , Purple , Brown
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
Bloom Notes: Pollen cones red, purplish, bluish, greenish, or orange. Seed cones gray-purple, maturing to brown.


USA: CT , IA , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , NH , NY , OH , PA , RI , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: AB , MB , NB , NL , NS , NU , ON , PE , QC , SK
Native Habitat: Boreal and northern forests.

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Abies balsamea var. balsamea in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Abies balsamea var. balsamea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Abies balsamea var. balsamea


Record Modified: 2020-12-03
Research By: CBR

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