Verbena halei Small
Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Texas vervain
Verbenaceae (Verbena Family)
Synonym(s): Verbena officinalis ssp. halei
USDA Symbol: VEHA
An erect, rough, hairy, square-stemmed plant, Texas vervain is an erect plant 1–2 1/2 feet tall, with several branches in the upper part. The leaves vary widely, with the bottom leaves deeply cut in some cases and the upper leaves slightly toothed, or sometimes with smooth margins. Leaves are 3/4–3 inches long and 1 1/2 inches wide. There are several small flowers in long, loose clusters, blooming around the stem from the bottom up, usually 6–20 flowers blooming at the same time. They are bluish to lavender, 1/4 inch across, trumpet-shaped, ending in 5 petal-like lobes.
This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly of tropical and warm temperate regions. Among them, teak is a highly prized furniture wood, and Vervain, Lantana, Lippia or Frog Fruit, and Chase Tree or Vitex are grown as ornamentals.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Size Notes: Spacing: 12-15 in. (30-38 cm)
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , AZ , FL , GA , LA , MO , MS , NC , NM , OK , SC , TX
Native Distribution: North Carolina south to Florida, west to Texas, and north to Oklahoma and Missouri.
Native Habitat: Rich thickets and woodland borders.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam
Conditions Comments: Delicate lavender flowers adorn the slender spikes of this plant. Drought-tolerant and suitable for xeriscaping.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Wildflower meadow, Pocket prairie, Blooms ornamental
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: High
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Division
Seed Collection: Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Patsy Glenn Refuge - Wimberley, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
National Butterfly Center - Mission, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0479 Collected Jul 30, 1993 in Atascosa County by Louise Morrell
NPSOT 1067 Collected Apr 12, 1996 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
NPSOT 0253 Collected July 11, 1992 in Kendall County by Kristina Coates
NPSOT 0856 Collected Apr 29, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
NPSOT 0242 Collected June 13, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
NPSOT 0877 Collected May 4, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
NPSOT 0076 Collected May 19, 1990 in Bexar County by Mollie Walton
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-99 Collected 2007-05-30 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 765 - McMillen's Texas Gardening: Wildflowers (1998) Howard, D.
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.
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Recommended Species Lists
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Verbena halei in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Verbena halei in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Verbena halei
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-10-28
Research By: LAL, GAP