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Marcus, Joseph A.
Senna lindheimeriana (Scheele) Irwin & Barneby
Lindheimer's senna, Velvet leaf senna, Velvetleaf senna, Velvet-leaf wild sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog ears
Synonym(s): Cassia lindheimeriana
USDA Symbol: SELI4
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Velvet-leaf wild sensitive-plant or Lindheimers senna is a bushy perennial, 3-6 ft. high. Its yellow, 1 1/2 in. flowers are borne in terminal or upper axillary, spike-like racemes. The 5 oval petals are crimped at the edges. The compound leaves have 4–8 pairs of leaflets that are oval, sometimes pointed, and covered with soft hairs and are arranged spirally around the stems.
This plant is effective in a wildflower garden as either a specimen or background plant. The seeds provide an important source of food for birds.
This species is named after Ferdinand Jacob Lindheimer (1801-1879) who is often called the Father of Texas Botany because of his work as the first permanent-resident plant collector in Texas. In 1834 Lindheimer immigrated to the United States as a political refugee. He spent from 1843-1852 collecting specimens in Texas. In 1844 he settled in New Braunfels, Texas, and was granted land on the banks of the Comal River, where he continued his plant collecting and attempted to establish a botanical garden. He shared his findings with many others who shared his interest in botany, including Ferdinand von Roemer and Adolph Scheele. Lindheimer is credited with the discovery of several hundred plant species. In addition his name is used to designate forty-eight species and subspecies of plants. He is buried in New Braunfels. His house, on Comal Street in New Braunfels, is now a museum.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep , Oct
, TX Native Distribution:
C. & w. TX
to s.e. AZ
& adjacent Mex. Native Habitat:
Dry, rocky fields & hills
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry, rocky soils. Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam
BenefitUse Ornamental: This plant is effective in a wildflower garden as either a specimen or background plant.
Use Wildlife: Seeds provide an important source of food for birds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Larval Host: Sleepy Orange, Sulphur butterflies
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: Moderate
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Seed Collection: Collect pods in late summer when they have turned brown and begun to dry.
Seed Treatment: Air-dry seeds after they have been removed and store in sealed containers.
Commercially Avail: yes
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
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Mr. Smarty Plants says
Medicinal plants at the Wildflower Center
April 19, 2006
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List of native perennial Texas flowers
March 13, 2006
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From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
- Briggs, TX
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
- Austin, TXTexas Discovery Gardens
- Dallas, TXBrackenridge Field Laboratory
- Austin, TXPatsy Glenn Refuge
- Wimberley, TXNative Plant Society of Texas
- Fredericksburg, TXNueces River Authority
- Uvalde, TXNPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter
- Fredericksburg, TXNPSOT - Austin Chapter
- Austin, TXNPSOT - Williamson County Chapter
- Georgetown, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0556
Collected Sep 26, 1993 in Comal County by Mary Beth WhiteNPSOT 0035
Collected Sept. 22, 1990 in Bexar County by Judith C. BerryNPSOT 0132
Collected Sept. 17, 1991 in Bexar County by Lottie MillsapsNPSOT 0142
Collected Sept. 28, 1991 in Bexar County by Lottie MillsapsNPSOT 0566
Collected Sep 29, 1988 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-54
Collected 2006-11-16 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2009-02-11
Research By: TWC Staff