Helenium amarum (Raf.) H. Rock
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
USDA Symbol: HEAM
Helenium amarum has stems covered with almost-threadlike leaves.
The genus is thought to have been named by Linnaeus for Helen of Troy. The legend is that the flowers sprung up from the ground where her tears fell.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CA , CT , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , NE , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WI
Native Habitat: Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs, Woodlands edge, Opening
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Desturbed, Acid-based, Calcareous, Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Can be mowed, Pocket prairie, Wildflower meadow, Aromatic
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0585 Collected May 11, 1990 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
NPSOT 0920 Collected Aug 27. 1994 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-24 Collected 2006-05-22 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
LBJWC-560 Collected 2007-08-28 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 281 - Shinners & Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas (1999) Diggs, G. M.; B. L. Lipscomb; B. O'Kennon; W. F...
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Helenium amarum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Helenium amarum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Helenium amarum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2014-03-25
Research By: TWC Staff