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Capsicum annuum (Chile pequin)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Capsicum annuum

Capsicum annuum L.

Chile pequin, Chile petin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper , Cayenne pepper

Solanaceae (Potato Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: CAAN4

USDA Native Status: L48 (NI), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I)

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual , Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Size Notes: 1-3
Fruit: Green turning red when ripe
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct

Distribution

USA: AL , AZ , CT , FL , GA , HI , LA , MD , NC , NY , PA , SC , TX , UT , VA
Native Habitat: On ledges along rivers, in thickets and groves and along arroyos on the Edwards Plateau and in South Texas. Well drained sand, loam, clay, caliche, limestone.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: clay, heavy clay, sandy loam
Conditions Comments: The Chile pequin is a much sought after perennial native hot pepper that is well behaved in the garden. It is an easy to grow favorite that the birds will also appreciate. Chile pequins will grow with sun or shade and respond to good care with more growth and fruits. The fruits are edilble and on the hot side as a seasoning. Beautiful when used in mass plantings.

Benefit

Use Food: Small and very hot pepper.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: High

Propagation

Propagation Material: Seeds
Description: Take cuttings throughout summer or start seeds in late winter in a greenhouse setting.
Seed Treatment: Completely dry ripened fruits in a cool dry area and then break out the fresh seed and store in a dry, refrigerated setting until ready to plant
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Can be pruned to shape or to control height. Mild winter will not freeze them to the ground but it can be helpful to prune the back anyway to refresh if the plant is several years old.

Mr. Smarty Plants says

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August 05, 2009
Hello, I am a chef from Buenos Aires Argentina visiting Austin, Texas and would like to learn about native, edible plants in the region. Please let me know if there are any native, edible plants...
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Deer resistant, sun tolerant plants for landscaping
April 19, 2007
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From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:

Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Tohono Chul Park, Inc. - Tucson, AZ
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Native Plant Society of Texas - Fredericksburg, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter - Fredericksburg, TX
Texas Master Naturalists - Lost Pines Chapter - Bastrop, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX

Bibliography

Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Capsicum annuum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Capsicum annuum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Capsicum annuum

Metadata

Record Last Modified: 2009-04-23
Research By: TWC Staff

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