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The Research Literature database was created and funded by the Florida Wildflower Foundation. Use the search features below to find scientific articles on native wildflowers that are commercially available or used in restoration projects.

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Effects of experimental shifts in flowering phenology on plant-pollinator interactions.

Author(s): N. E. Rafferty, A. R. Ives

Year: 2010

Journal: Ecology Letters
Volume: 14
Issue: 1
Pages: 69-74

Article Topic(s): Climate change, Phenology, Pollination
Research Setting(s): Field

Species Referenced: Asclepias incarnata (Swamp milkweed), Asclepias tuberosa (Butterflyweed), Phlox divaricata (Wild blue phlox),


Investigates how shifts in flowering time affect pollination in 14 native perennial plant species. The study suggests that species constrained by pollinators have not advanced their flowering while species unconstrained by pollinators are flowering early. However, pollinator mismatches were not occurring at the onset of flowering for most of the study species.

Suggested Citation

N. E. Rafferty, and A. R. Ives. "Effects of experimental shifts in flowering phenology on plant-pollinator interactions." Ecology Letters 14.1 (2010): 69-74.
Last Updated: 2015-02-26
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