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The Research Literature database was created and funded by the Florida Wildflower Foundation. Use the search features below to find scientific articles on native wildflowers that are commercially available or used in restoration projects.

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Germination rates of tree seeds ingested by coyotes and raccoons

Author(s): B. L. Cypher

Month: Jul
Year: 1999

Publication Type: Article
Journal: American Midland Naturalist
Volume: 142
Issue: 1
Pages: 71-76

Article Topic(s): Germination,Wildlife
Research Setting(s): Laboratory

Species Referenced: Prunus americana (American plum),


The effect of coyote and raccoon ingestion on seed germination was investigated with seeds of Diospyros virginiana, Prunus americana, Asimina triloba and Celtis occidentalis. Germination was significantly greater following raccoon ingestion only for Diospyrus verginiana compared to uningested seeds, whereas only Celtis occidentalis seed germination was decreased following raccoon ingestion. Coyote ingestion reduced germination of Diospyros virginiana and Prunus americana. Asimina triloba germination was unaffected by coyote ingestion.

Suggested Citation

B. L. Cypher. "Germination rates of tree seeds ingested by coyotes and raccoons." American Midland Naturalist 142.1 (1999): 71-76.

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