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The Research Literature database was created and funded by the Florida Wildflower Foundation. Use the search features below to find scientific articles on native wildflowers that are commercially available or used in restoration projects.

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Age of maturity and life span in herbaceous, polycarpic perennials

Author(s): M. H. Bender, J. M. Baskin and C. C. Baskin

Month: Jul-Sep
Year: 2000

Journal: Botanical Review
Volume: 66
Issue: 3
Pages: 311-349

Article Topic(s): Morphology
Research Setting(s): Laboratory

Species Referenced: Achillea millefolium (Common yarrow), Andropogon gerardii (Big bluestem), Callirhoe papaver (Woodland poppymallow), Coreopsis lanceolata (Lanceleaf coreopsis), Echinacea purpurea (Eastern purple coneflower), Helenium autumnale (Common sneezeweed), Hibiscus moscheutos (Crimson-eyed rose-mallow), Liatris spicata (Dense blazing star), Ruellia caroliniensis (Carolina wild petunia), Rudbeckia hirta (Black-eyed susan), Solidago canadensis (Canada goldenrod),


Reviews the age of maturity in herbaceous, polycarpic (fruiting many times before dying) perennials. The review includes many species of Florida native wildflowers, both wild and cultivated. The most common year of earliest maturity for this group of plants was the second year of life.

Suggested Citation

M. H. Bender, J. M. Baskin and C. C. Baskin. "Age of maturity and life span in herbaceous, polycarpic perennials." Botanical Review 66.3 (2000): 311-349.

Article Links

ISSN: 0006-8101
DOI: 10.1007/BF02868921

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