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Glossary of commonly used botanical terms and their definitions. Use the search bar below to look up a botanical term.
15 Random Botanical Terms
Branchlet - A small branch.
Cactus/Succulent - A plant having leaves and/or stems which are thick and fleshy.
FACU* - Faculative Upland - Nonhydrophyte. Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands. Occurs only in the South Pacific Islands subregion.
Clasping - Leaf partially encircles the stem.
Threatened - An animal or plant species likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range.
Sori - Cluster of sporangia in ferns and fungi.
Rhizome - A horizontal underground stem.
Stipules - Leaflike structures that grow where the leaf is attached to the stem.
Zygote - A reproductive cell formed by the fusion of two gametes.
Areole - A spot in the form of a pit or a raised area on the surface of a cactus through which spines or other structures grow.
Pinnate - Arranged along an axis. Leaves may be pinnately compound (see below) and/or pinnately lobed; they may also have pinnate venation, with veins extending from the midrib.
Axillary - Growing from an axil.
Scape - A naked flower stem rising from the ground.
Calyx - The sepals taken collectively. These may be distinct, or joined to form a cup or tube; they may be of any color but are usually green. When the calyx is present, it encloses the other parts of the flower in bud.
Bisexual - A flower with both stamens and pistils.