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Glossary of commonly used botanical terms and their definitions. Use the search bar below to look up a botanical term.

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15 Random Botanical Terms

Special Value to Honey Bees - Identified by beekeepers and pollination biologists as an important pollen or nectar source (honey plant) for honey bees.

Sap - Watery fluid that circulates through a plant carrying sugars, minerals and nutrients.

Winter annual - An annual species that arises from seed in the summer or fall of one calendar year and completes its life cycle in the spring or summer of the following calendar year. E.g. Texas Bluebonnet, Lupinus texensis.

Quadrifidus - Divided into four parts.

Internode - The part of the stem between leaves or branches.

Cuspidate - Tipped with a sharp firm point.

Vine - Plants that climb by twining, tendrils, or clinging.

Grass/Grass-like - Having narrow leaves, usually arising from the base of the plant.

Serrate - Toothed like a saw.

Basal leaves - The leaves that are concentrated near the base of the main stem.

Rachis - The axis of a pinnately compound leaf.

Fibrous - Network of fine roots with no central dominant root.

Whorled - Three or more leaves or flowers arranged in a circle around a stem.

Bilateral symmetry - Usually referencing flower structure, descripes a plant part or parts that may be divided along a single plane forming two mirror-image halves; zygomorphic, irregular flower.

Simple - Not divided into parts, e.g., a leaf with the blade in one piece.