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Glossary of commonly used botanical terms and their definitions. Use the search bar below to look up a botanical term.

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15 Random Botanical Terms

Pod - A dry fruit that splits after ripening, a term applied to fruits in the Legume Family.

Tap - The main, central root of a plant.

Superior ovary - An ovary situated above the origin of sepals and petals.

Rachis - The axis of a pinnately compound leaf.

Dioecious - With male and female reproductive structures on separate plants.

Cyme - A usually flattish inflorescence in which the central or terminal flower matures first.

Disc flowers - The inner tubular flowers on the heads of Asteraceae (Sunflower Family).

Wing - A thin extension of a plant part, as of a branch or dry fruit.

Shrub - A low growing, usually less than 15 feet, woody perennial plant without a central stem.

Acorn - A usually one-seeded (occasionally two-seeded) nut enclosed in a hard, leathery shell and subtended by a scaly cup. The fruit of any species in the genera, Quercus or Lithocarpus.

Cuneate - Leaf shape narrowly triangular, wider at the apex and tapering toward the base.

Corolla - The petals collectively; usually colored or showy. These may be distinct or united to form a cup, trumpet, tube, or two-lipped body.

Aristate - Ending in a stiff, bristle-like point.

Axil - The upper angle between two structures or organs, as where a leaf or branch joins the stem.

Cordate - Heart-shaped, with the point at the apex.