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Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides (L.) Torr. & Gray
Withe-rod, Witherod viburnum, Possumhaw, Wild raisin
Synonyms: Viburnum cassinoides
USDA Symbol: vinuc
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Witherod viburnum is a dense, 6-12 ft., deciduous shrub with upright stems becoming arching with age. Flat-topped clusters of white flowers are followed by colorful summer fruit which changes from iridescent pink to red; then becomes blue in late summer before turning black. Sometimes all these colors are present in the same fruiting cluster. The fall foliage is also variable and always colorful.
This is one of several relatively similar Viburnum species with edible fruit. Blackhaw (V. prunifolium) is more tree-like, growing to 20 feet (6 m) high, with finely toothed, oval leaves and many short twiggy branches borne at right angles to the stem. Nannyberry (V. lentago) is a shrub or tree growing to 30 feet (9 m) high, with long, tapering leaf tips and winged petioles.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Black, Blue Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul
AL , CT , DC , DE , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: NB
, QC Native Distribution:
Nf. to Ont., s. to MD, n. IN & n.e. WI; also s. Appalacians above 3600 ft. Native Habitat:
Swamps; moist, upland woods & clearings; exposed rock crevices USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N),
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Wet to dry soils.
Conditions Comments: Witherod viburnum transplants well. It is more tolerant of wet soil than other viburnums.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Fruit
attracts gamebirds, songbirds, shorebirds and mammals. Conspicuous Flowers:
Collect the fruit
as soon as it has turned a dark blue-black color. Store seeds with pulp on at 41 degrees. Commercially Avail:
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Record Modified: 2012-07-18
Research By: TWC Staff