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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Solidago nemoralis Ait.
Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod
USDA Symbol: sone
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Slender-stemmed plant, 1 1/2 to 2 ft. tall. Thin, coarsly-toothed leaves. Flowers occur on the upper side of hairy stalks which arch out and downward creating a vase-shaped flower cluster. Clumps of slender, gray-downy stems produce terminal, one-sided, yellow plumes that gives the perennial a vase-shaped appearance. A small goldenrod, this plant seldom reaches 2 ft. in height.
Prairie Goldenrod attracts butterflies. Individual plants bloom at various times, thus extending the flowering season.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Deciduous Size Notes:
1.5-2 feet. Leaf:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
AL , AR , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV , WY Canada: AB
, SK Native Distribution:
N.S. to n. FL, w. to c. Canada, MT & TX Native Habitat:
Dry, open woods & upland prairies USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Sandy, rocky soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Caliche type
Conditions Comments: Individual plants bloom at various times, thus extending the flowering season. Prairie goldenrod is an under-utilized species that grows shorter and less aggressively than the more common tall goldenrod. It works well in a low wildflower meadow, a sunny garden, or as a cut flower. Good companion plants include gay-feather and autumn sage.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Perennial
garden, Wildflower meadow Use Wildlife:
Prairie goldenrod attracts butterflies. Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds Nectar Source:
Seed germination may be increased with stratification, but this pre-treatment is not absolutely necessary. If planting untreated seed, be sure it is fresh. May also be propagated by division of mature plants. Make sure each section has a bud
and a root Seed Collection:
Collect in October. Seed Treatment:
Cold-moist or dry stratification Commercially Avail:
Find Seed or Plants
Order seed of this species from Native American Seed and help support the Wildflower Center.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Ohio Prairie Nursery
- Hiram, OH
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0613
Collected Oct 17,1993 in Comal County by Harry Cliffe
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-622
Collected 2007-10-29 in County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2012-12-09
Research By: TWC Staff