Sideroxylon lanuginosum Michx.
Gum bumelia, Gum bully, Woollybucket bumelia, Chittamwood, Gum elastic, Coma
Sapotaceae (Sapodilla Family)
USDA Symbol: sila20
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Ovate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Texture: Leathery
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Leaf: Bright shiny dark green above, paler and fuzzy white below, clustered or whorled on lateral spur shoots.
Fruit: Blue to black berries, oval in shape, edible, ripen in the fall.
Size Class: 36-72 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul
Bloom Notes: Flowers are in small clusters, sweet, fragrant, open in mid-summer.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
BenefitUse Wildlife: The fruit is eaten by birds, and white-tailed deer browse the leaves and fruit. The flowers provide early season nourishment for honey bees.
Use Other: The Kiowa Indians used a substance in the outer bark as chewing gum.
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: No
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Patsy Glenn Refuge - Wimberley, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Texas Master Naturalists - Lost Pines Chapter - Bastrop, TX
Jacob's Well Natural Area - Wimberley, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1199 Collected 2008-08-30 in Montgomery County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 481 - How to Grow Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest: Revised and Updated Edition (2001) Nokes, J.
Bibref 293 - Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (1979) Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Sideroxylon lanuginosum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Sideroxylon lanuginosum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sideroxylon lanuginosum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2011-09-17