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Prunus umbellata (Hog plum)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Prunus umbellata

Prunus umbellata Elliott

Hog plum, Flatwoods plum

Rosaceae (Rose Family)


USDA Symbol: prum

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Small tree with short trunk and broad, compact, flattened crown of slender branches; sometimes a thicket-forming shrub.

The wild plums of this species are gathered for making jellies and jams. The scientific name describes the flower clusters, known as umbels, that are rounded, with equal stalks like an umbrella.


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Flower: Flower 1 inch
Size Class: 12-36 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr


USA: AL , AR , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC , TN , TX
Native Distribution: S. North Carolina south to central Florida, west to S. Arkansas and E. Texas; to 1000 (305 m).
Native Habitat: Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Acid-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam


Use Ornamental: Blooms ornamental, Wildflower meadow, Accent tree or shrub
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX


Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Prunus umbellata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Prunus umbellata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Prunus umbellata


Record Last Modified: 2010-04-19
Research By: TWC Staff

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