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Flaigg, Norman G.
Juniperus monosperma (Engelm.) Sarg.
Oneseed juniper, One-seed juniper, Cherrystone juniper
USDA Symbol: jumo
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
One-seed juniper is a large shrub or small tree, 6-20 ft., with a gnarled, multi-trunked appearance in the wild. Larger branches usually arise from below ground level. Bark is thin, scaly and ashy. Fragrant foliage is scale-like on mature twigs; needle-like on juvenile shoots and seedlings. Bluish-black to copper-colored fruits occur on the female plants.
This abundant juniper is one of the most common small trees in New Mexico. The wood is important for fenceposts and fuel, and Indians used to make mats and cloth from the fibrous bark. Birds and mammals consume the juicy berries, and goats browse the foliage.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Dark Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Orange
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
AZ , CO , NM , OK , TX Native Distribution:
W. TX, w. to s.e. CO & AZ; also mts. of n. Mex. Native Habitat:
Steep slopes; rocky ledges; arroyos; dry plains & hills USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Gravelly or sandy, dry soils
Conditions Comments: A cold-, wind-, and drought-tolerant juniper. Provides shelter for wildlife and less-tolerant plants. Invades disturbed sites. Susceptible to mistletoe (prune it out).
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
- Austin, TX
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Record Modified: 2009-04-24
Research By: TWC Staff