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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Hymenocallis liriosme (Raf.) Shinners
Spring spiderlily, Spider Lily, Spring Spider Lily
Synonym(s): Hymenocallis eulae
USDA Symbol: hyli
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
An elegant and unusual-looking flower, the spider lily has a stem 1–3 feet high, with 2 or 3 blossoms at the top. The flower has 3 white sepals and 3 petals which are alike and unite to form a tube 2–4 inches long, narrow but spreading, and curving backward slightly as they age. The flowers are quite fragrant. The glossy leaves, at the base of the plant, are 6–30 inches long and 1 inch wide.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Complexity: Simple Size Notes:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May
, TX Native Habitat:
Flood plains, bottomland, Ditches, Ravines, Depressions, Marshes, Stream banks, Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Acid-based, Calcareous
Conditions Comments: Best grown in medium wet to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Soils must never be allowed to dry out. Plant bulbs 4” deep and space 6-10” apart in fall. Good for wetland gardens and habitat.
Aromatic, Blooms ornamental, Showy, Bog or pond area, Perennial
garden Use Wildlife:
Nectar-insects Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds Deer Resistant:
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| OBL || OBL || OBL |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-11
Research By: NPC