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Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa (Pursh) Steyermark
Roundlobe hepatica, Round-lobed hepatica, Liverleaf
Synonyms: Hepatica americana
USDA Symbol: henoo
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Pink, white or purple blossoms arise in early spring on fuzzy, 4-6 in. stems. The leaves, which grow from ground level on hairy stems after the flower has blossomed, are 3-lobed, rounded and evergreen until the following spring.
This is an early spring wildflower, usually with lavender flowers and 3-lobed leaves that persist throughout the winter. The Sharp-lobed Hepatica (Hepatica nobilis var. acuta), has more pointed leaf lobes and bracts. The genus name refers to the 3-lobed leaf that supposedly bears a resemblance to the liver. Because of this, early herbalists assumed the plant to be effective in treating liver ailments.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Deciduous Size Notes:
3 to 4 inches high Leaf:
Variegated dark and light green. Deep red in fall and winter. Autumn Foliage:
Flowers 1/2 to 1 inch across
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink , Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
Bloom Notes: Color ranges from white to pink to pale blue to lavender. An early spring bloomer.
AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: MB
, PE Native Distribution:
N.S. to Man., s. to n. FL, AL, & AR. Eastern North America, Zones 5 to 8. Native Habitat:
Rich, mesic to dry, deciduous,
pine & sometimes spruce woods USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Drought Tolerance: High
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Neutral to acidic soils, but prefers acidic. Prefers high humus.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Attractive foliage and delicate blooms for small garden spaces.
Use Wildlife: Winter browse
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Deer Resistant: No
Root Division , Seeds Description:
Seeds should be planted outside immediately after collection. In the Southeast, sow in fall. First-year seedlings will only have 2 leaves, but will expand after that. Seeds are hard to collect, so an alternate
propagation method is fall division. Clumps, however, are slow to increase. When dividing a clump, it is best to leave 2-3 buds in each division. Seed Collection:
Approximate collection date in northern U.S.: Mid to late May. Commercially Avail:
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
American Native Nursery
- Quakertown, PA
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Record Modified: 2012-10-03
Research By: TWC Staff