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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Citharexylum berlandieri B.L. Robins.
Berlandier's fiddlewood, Berlandier fiddlewood, Fiddlewood
USDA Symbol: cibe
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly of tropical and warm temperate regions. Among them, teak is a highly prized furniture wood, and Vervain, Lantana, Lippia or Frog Fruit, and Chase Tree or Vitex are grown as ornamentals.
Named for French-Swiss physician Jean Louis Berlandier (1805-1851) who colledted plants in Texas and northern Mexico.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Retention: Evergreen Size Notes:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
TX Native Distribution: Citharexylum berlandieri
grows in well drained clay and clay-loam soil. It is found in thickets, flats, hillsides, and semi-desert roadsides in the Rio Grande Plains. Native Habitat:
Thickets USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry Soil Description:
Clay Loam, Clay. Conditions Comments: Citharexylum berlandieri
can be grown from seed collected after the fruit
has turned black. It can also be propagated from cuttings. The shrub
blooms several times a year with small white fragrant flowers. The flowers attract butterflies. It produces spikes of glossy orange-red berries that are visually striking against the dark green foliage.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Aromatic, Fruits ornamental, Blooms ornamental, Fast growing, Attractive
Use Wildlife: Nectar-insects, Fruit-birds
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1071
Collected 2011-05-24 in Cameron County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
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Record Modified: 2008-06-18
Research By: NPC