Zanthoxylum clava-herculis L.
Rutaceae (Rue Family)
Synonym(s): Zanthoxylum macrophyllum
USDA Symbol: ZACL
Aromatic, spiny, round-crowned tree with spreading branches and tiny gland-dots on foliage, flowers, and fruit.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , OK , SC , TX , VA
Native Distribution: Central Virginia to S. Florida, west to E. Texas, and north to SE. Oklahoma; to 500 (152 m).
Native Habitat: Fence rows, Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy Loam, Sandy, Medium Loam, Acid-based
BenefitUse Ornamental: Aromatic, Showy
Use Wildlife: Seeds-granivorous birds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Giant swallowtail butterfly.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)Zanthoxylum clava-herculis is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Giant Swallowtail |
Learn more at BAMONA
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
Texas Master Naturalists - Lost Pines Chapter - Bastrop, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1073 Collected 2007-08-02 in Harris County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Bibref 297 - Trees of Central Texas (1984) Vines, Robert A.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.View Recommended Species page
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Zanthoxylum clava-herculis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Zanthoxylum clava-herculis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-07-12
Research By: TWC Staff