Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Search native plant database:
Marcus, Joseph A.
Yucca treculeana Carrière
Spanish Dagger, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita
Agavaceae (Century-Plant Family)
USDA Symbol: YUTR
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Shrub or small tree with stem unbranched except near the top, and up to 10 or more feet tall. In brushy and open areas. Leaves stiff, sharp pointed, up to 3 feet long by 3 inches wide, in large clumps at the ends of stems or branches, dead ones hanging below the live ones. Flowers white or faintly purplish, in dense, showy clusters rising above the leaves, appearing in March and April. Fruit a capsule up to 4 inches long by 1 inch wide.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Red
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , Dec
DistributionUSA: TX Native Habitat:
Chaparral & brush country
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
Conditions Comments: It is said that the Aztecs used to use the leaves of the Spanish Dagger to stab snakebite wounds in their skin in order to help flush out the poison.
Blooms ornamental, Accent tree
Aromatic, Security hedge Use Wildlife:
Nectar-moths, Nesting site. Conspicuous Flowers:
Butterflies Larval Host:
Yucca giant skipper butterfly, Ursine giant skipper, Streckers giant skipper. Deer Resistant:
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1268
Collected 2013-05-19 in Starr County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2013-03-07
Research By: LAL, JSC