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San Antonio River Authority
Vitis arizonica Engelm.
Canyon grape, Arizona grape
Synonym(s): Vitis arizonica var. galvinii, Vitis arizonica var. glabra, Vitis treleasei
USDA Symbol: VIAR2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Canyon grape or Arizona grape is a shrubby, low-climbing vine with hairy stems; heart-shaped to shallowly three-lobed, leaves; small, fragrant, greenish flowers; and sweet, juicy, black berries. Branched, woody vine, with shredding, peeling bark; clambers over rocks, shrubs, trees.
The fleshy grapes are relished by birds, small mammals, and humans, in spite of the large seeds.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Vine Size Notes:
Black, Blue Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun
, UT Native Distribution:
to s.w. UT,
s. to n. Mex. Native Habitat:
Canyons; stream banks; 2000 to 7500 ft.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Well-drained soils. Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay.
Conditions Comments: Vines are useful for controlling erosion. The berries, ripe from Aug. to Oct., are of good quality for jelly and grape juice.
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
- Austin, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0284
Collected Aug 16, 1992 in Kendall County by Kristina Coates
Record Last Modified: 2012-07-02
Research By: TWC Staff