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San Antonio River Authority
Vitis arizonica Engelm.
Canyon grape, Arizona grape
USDA Symbol: VIAR2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Canyon grape or Arizona grape is a shrubby, low-climbing vine with hairy stems; heart-shaped to shallowly three-lobed, leaves; small, fragrant, greenish flowers; and sweet, juicy, black berries. Branched, woody vine, with shredding, peeling bark; clambers over rocks, shrubs, trees.
The fleshy grapes are relished by birds, small mammals, and humans, in spite of the large seeds.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Vine Size Notes:
Black, Blue Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun
AZ , NM , NV , TX , UT Native Distribution:
W. TX to s.w. UT, s. to n. Mex. Native Habitat:
Canyons; stream banks; 2000 to 7500 ft. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Well-drained soils. Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay.
Conditions Comments: Vines are useful for controlling erosion. The berries, ripe from Aug. to Oct., are of good quality for jelly and grape juice.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
- Austin, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0284
Collected Aug 16, 1992 in Kendall County by Kristina Coates
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Record Modified: 2012-07-02
Research By: TWC Staff