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Native Plant Database

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Sideroxylon lanuginosum (Gum bumelia)
Lytle, Melody

Sideroxylon lanuginosum

Sideroxylon lanuginosum Michx.

Gum bumelia, Gum bully, Woollybucket bumelia, Chittamwood, Gum elastic, Coma

Sapotaceae (Sapodilla Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: SILA20

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Gum bumelia is a multi-trunked tall shrub or medium-sized tree to 48 feet tall or more. The stems and branches are spiny, especially on the ends of smaller branchlets.

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Ovate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Texture: Leathery
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Leaf: Bright shiny dark green above, paler and fuzzy white below, clustered or whorled on lateral spur shoots.
Flower:
Fruit: Blue to black berries, oval in shape, edible, ripen in the fall.
Size Class: 36-72 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul
Bloom Notes: Flowers are in small clusters, sweet, fragrant, open in mid-summer.

Distribution

USA: AL , AR , AZ , FL , GA , IL , KS , KY , LA , MO , MS , NM , OK , SC , TX

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry

Benefit

Use Wildlife: The fruit is eaten by birds, and white-tailed deer browse the leaves and fruit. The flowers provide early season nourishment for honey bees.
Use Other: The Kiowa Indians used a substance in the outer bark as chewing gum.
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: No

National Wetland Indicator Status

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU FACU FACW FACU
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:

Patsy Glenn Refuge - Wimberley, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Texas Master Naturalists - Lost Pines Chapter - Bastrop, TX
Jacob's Well Natural Area - Wimberley, TX

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-1199 Collected 2012-08-31 in Montgomery County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Bibliography

Bibref 481 - How to Grow Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest: Revised and Updated Edition (2001) Nokes, J.
Bibref 293 - Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (1979) Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Sideroxylon lanuginosum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Sideroxylon lanuginosum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sideroxylon lanuginosum

Metadata

Record Last Modified: 2011-09-17
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