Salix amygdaloides Andersson
Peachleaf willow, Peach-leaf willow, Almond-leaf willow
Salicaceae (Willow Family)
Synonym(s): Salix amygdaloides var. wrightii, Salix nigra var. amygdaloides, Salix nigra var. wrightii, Salix wrightii
USDA Symbol: SAAM2
Peach-leaf willow is a medium-sized, multi-trunked tree, 35-50 ft. tall, with fine-textured, slightly weeping branching and orange-yellow twigs. Catkins appear before leaf emergence. The narrow, yellow-green foliage has insignificant fall color. Tree with 1 or sometimes several straight trunks, upright branches, and spreading crown.
This is the common willow across the northern plains, where it is important in protecting riverbanks from erosion. Both common and scientific names refer to the leaf shape, which suggests that of Peach.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Dioecious
Size Class: 36-72 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May
DistributionUSA: AZ , CO , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , MI , MN , MO , MT , ND , NE , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , SD , TX , UT , WA , WI , WY
Canada: AB , MB , NL , NT , ON , PE , QC , SK , YT
Native Distribution: NY to c. MI, WI & s.e. B.C., s. to n. OH, n. IN, MO, NM, Apache Co., AZ & c. WA
Native Habitat: Low, wet, open woods; edges of streams & sloughs
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Wet or damp soils. Limestone-based, Sandy Sandy Loam, Medium Loam Clay Loam, Clay.
Conditions Comments: Short-lived and fast-growing. Susceptible to insect, disease, and wind damage.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Fast growing, Attractive, Shade tree
Use Wildlife: Nesting site, Nesting material, Seeds-granivorous birds. Early season harvest for birds and mammals.
Larval Host: Mourning Cloak, Viceroy.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
Special Value to Honey Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)Salix amygdaloides is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Learn more at BAMONA
Learn more at BAMONA
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
BibliographyBibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Salix amygdaloides in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Salix amygdaloides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Salix amygdaloides
MetadataRecord Modified: 2012-10-20
Research By: TWC Staff