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Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn
Pistacia mexicana Kunth
Mexican pistachio, Texas pistachio, American pistachio
Synonyms: Pistacia texana
USDA Symbol: PIME4
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Copall pistachio is a large, airy, rounded shrub or multi-trunked small tree, 12-20 ft. tall. Its glossy foliage, reddish in spring, dark-green later, is pinnately compound. Clusters of small, white flowers are followed by clusters of red, nut-like drupes on females. These become almost black on drying.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Size Notes:
12-20 Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
TX Native Distribution:
S. TX & n.e. Mex. Native Habitat:
Limestone cliffs; ravine edges USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement:
Sun Soil Description:
Well-drained, alkaline soil. Conditions Comments:
This uncommon, handsome evergreen
is drought-resistant and grows well in full sunlight and merits planting as an ornamental in warm, dry climates. In spring the new dark red foliage is showy. Clusters of small, white flowers are followed by clusters of red, nut-like drupes on females. These become almost black on drying.
Fruits attract birds. Use Food:
Goats browse the leaves; however, the small seeds are often empty and unimportant as food for wildlife or people. Pistachio nuts are from the related Common Pistache (Pistacia vera), native
of western Asia. Attracts:
Birds Deer Resistant:
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Record Modified: 2009-09-06
Research By: TWC Staff