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Krameria lanceolata Torr.
Trailing krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie sandbur, Trailing Ratany
Synonym(s): Krameria secundiflora, Krameria spathulata
USDA Symbol: KRLA
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
This is not the sandbur of the Grass Family; however, its burs are just as spiny, though densely covered with white hairs. The flowers and short silky leaves grow on prostrate branches, up to 2 feet long, from a thick woody root. The 5 wine-red sepals may be mistaken for the petals, which are smaller and tinged with green, the upper 3 being united. The flowers are about 1 inch broad. Not conspicuous or abundant.
One of the common names sandbur comes from the hard, one-seeded, wooly fruit covered with barbless spines.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
, TX Native Habitat:
Distribtution is from Kansas to Arizona and south to Chihuahua and Texas. Widespread over Texas, missing only from the wettest, densest pine forests of east Texas.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Two petals of the flower
of this species produce oils which are collected by members of the bee genus, Centris
and fed to their larvae. Centris
spp. are the primary pollinators of Krameria lanceolata
. Conspicuous Flowers:
Collect seed in summer when fruit
is brown and sharp.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0062
Collected May 19,1990 in Bexar County by Lottie MillsapsNPSOT 0147
Collected Apr 26, 1991 in Bexar County by Lottie MillsapsNPSOT 0214
Collected May 6, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1169
Collected 2012-06-25 in Hays County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2013-10-15
Research By: NPIS