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Marcus, Joseph A.
Hibiscus laevis All.
Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow
Synonym(s): Hibiscus militaris
USDA Symbol: HILA2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
The Halberd-leaved rose mallow grows to 6 feet tall with erect stems and leaves. The leaves are alternate and prominently lobed at the base, the lobes wide-spreading and sharp-toothed. Flowers bloom from the axils of the leaves, from the bottom to the top of the stem. The large cup-shaped blossoms, about 3 inches long, are pink, sometimes white, with maroon or purple throats. The 5 overlapping petals open by day and close tightly at night .
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
, WV Native Distribution:
Moist low-lying areas from North Central Texas to the Edwards Plateau. Native Habitat:
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
High Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist CaCO3 Tolerance:
Low Soil Description:
Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Acid-based, Calcareous Conditions Comments:
The beautiful rose mallow attracts butterflies with its showy blossoms. This plant is related to okra; it has a gummy, slimy sap. Other members of the mallow family produce the sap
that, when whipped with sugar, was the origin of our marshmallow candy. Scarlet rose mallow is good for wetland gardens and habitat.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Perennial
garden, Bog or pond area, Showy, Blooms ornamental Conspicuous Flowers:
Butterflies Nectar Source:
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Seed Collection: Collect seed in summer, when pods open.
Maintenance: Grows quickly in warm weather.
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-27
Research By: TWC Staff, LAL