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Flaigg, Norman G.
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Glandularia bipinnatifida (Nutt.) Nutt. var. bipinnatifida
Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain
Synonym(s): Verbena bipinnatifida, Verbena demareei
USDA Symbol: GLBIB
The 6-12 in. stems branch near the base, usually lying on the ground with rising tips. Plants are covered with long, whitish hairs. Leaves are opposite and deeply cut several times on both sides of the midrib; they are 1–3 1/2 inches long and 1 1/2 inches wide on a 1-inch stem. Branch-tip, ball-shaped flower heads are composed of tubular, five-lobed, purple flowers with dark centers. Individual flowers are about 1/2 inch long and 1/2 inch wide at the opening, with 5 sepals and 5 petals. Branches continue elongating throughout the season, producing new flowers.
This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly of tropical and warm temperate regions. Among them, teak is a highly prized furniture wood, and Vervain, Lantana, Lippia or Frog Fruit are grown as ornamentals.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual
, Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Size Notes:
6-12 inches. Flower:
Flowers in 2 inch heads
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
, WY Native Distribution: MS
n. to SD Native Habitat:
Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry Soil Description:
Sandy to gravelly soils. Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Limestone/chalky, Sandy, Clay, Limestone-based, Caliche type Conditions Comments:
The stems branch near the base, usually lying on the ground with rising tips. Branch-tip, ball-shaped flower
heads are composed of tubular, purple flowers. Branches continue elongating throughout the season, producing new flowers. A short-lived perennial. It is valued for the long bloom period of its showy flowers.
Ground cover, Rock gardens, Fall conspicuous, Showy, Blooms ornamental, Wildflower meadow, Perennial
garden Use Wildlife:
Attracts butterflies. Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds , Butterflies Nectar Source:
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Propagate by seed, cuttings, or transplanting of small plants in winter. Transplant rooted cuttings as soon as they form roots. Plants along highways continually produce new growth where mowed. Cuttings taken in spring do better than those taken in summer. Plants start producing new growth mid-winter.
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Maintenance: Remove spent blossoms, Prevent complete soil dryness, Maintain mulch layer, Fertilize in spring with rose food
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Mr. Smarty Plants says
Native plants for container gardens in Central Texas
March 11, 2008
Dear Mr. Smarty Plants: I moved to TX last year, for now living in an apartment with a good-size but shady deck; my garden in VA was full of VA native plants. What TX natives, if any, can I grow in ...
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Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0591
Collected Oct 19, 1990 in Comal County by Harry CliffeNPSOT 0026
Collected July 21, 1990 in Bexar County by Judith C. BerryNPSOT 0193
Collected Mar. 15, 1992 in Comal County by Mary Beth WhiteNPSOT 0875
Collected May 4, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Record Last Modified: 2011-04-24
Research By: TWC Staff