Fraxinus berlandieriana DC.
Mexican ash, Fresno, Berlandier ash
Oleaceae (Olive Family)
USDA Symbol: FRBE
Mexican ash is a small, round-topped tree to 30 ft. The light brown bark of young plants becomes much darker and the plants age. Small tree with short trunk and rounded crown of spreading branches. Gray-green to bright-green deciduous leaves are pinnately compound.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Size Class: 36-72 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: LA , TX
Native Distribution: S. TX to NM & adjacent Mex.
Native Habitat: Wooded stream banks; canyons
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Various soils. Limestone-based, Caliche type Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
Conditions Comments: Leafs out earlier and holds leaves longer than many ashes. Rapid growth. This is deemed a weed tree by organizations (e.g., TX Forest and Agriculture Extension Service) because of its short life span, susceptibility to pests and disease, and habit of constantly dropping small, dead branches.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Long-living, Fast growing, Shade tree
Use Wildlife: Cover, Nesting site, Seeds-granivorous birds, Browse.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Two-tailed tiger swallowtail, Tiger swallow-tail, Orange sulphur, Sleepy orange, Cloudless giant sulphur.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)Fraxinus berlandieriana is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Learn more at BAMONA
Learn more at BAMONA
Giant Sulphur |
Larval HostLearn more at BAMONA
PropagationDescription: Seeds may be sown outdoors after collection or stored and stratified then sown in spring.
Seed Treatment: Stratify in moist sand or perlite for 30-60 days at 41 degrees.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
BibliographyBibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Bibref 297 - Trees of Central Texas (1984) Vines, Robert A.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Fraxinus berlandieriana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Fraxinus berlandieriana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Fraxinus berlandieriana
MetadataRecord Modified: 2010-05-31
Research By: TWC Staff