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Fraxinus berlandieriana (Mexican ash)
Flaigg, Norman G.

Fraxinus berlandieriana

Fraxinus berlandieriana DC.

Mexican ash, Fresno, Berlandier ash

Oleaceae (Olive Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: FRBE

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Mexican ash is a small, round-topped tree to 30 ft. The light brown bark of young plants becomes much darker and the plants age. Small tree with short trunk and rounded crown of spreading branches. Gray-green to bright-green deciduous leaves are pinnately compound.

Berlandier Ash, a southwestern relative of Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica), has fewer and smaller leaflets and smaller fruit and is adapted to a warmer, less humid climate.

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Fruit:
Size Class: 36-72 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun

Distribution

USA: LA , TX
Native Distribution: S. TX to NM & adjacent Mex.
Native Habitat: Wooded stream banks; canyons

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Various soils. Limestone-based, Caliche type Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
Conditions Comments: Leafs out earlier and holds leaves longer than many ashes. Rapid growth. This is deemed a weed tree by organizations (e.g., TX Forest and Agriculture Extension Service) because of its short life span, susceptibility to pests and disease, and habit of constantly dropping small, dead branches.

Benefit

Use Ornamental: Long-living, Fast growing, Shade tree
Use Wildlife: Cover, Nesting site, Seeds-granivorous birds, Browse.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Larval Host: Two-tailed tiger swallowtail, Tiger swallow-tail, Orange sulphur, Sleepy orange, Cloudless giant sulphur.

Propagation

Description: Seeds may be sown outdoors after collection or stored and stratified then sown in spring.
Seed Treatment: Stratify in moist sand or perlite for 30-60 days at 41 degrees.
Commercially Avail: yes

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Fraxinus berlandieriana is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Orange Sulphur
(Colias eurytheme)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA
Sleepy Orange
(Abaeis nicippe)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA
Giant Sulphur
(Colias gigantea)
Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

National Wetland Indicator Status

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX

Bibliography

Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Bibref 297 - Trees of Central Texas (1984) Vines, Robert A.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Fraxinus berlandieriana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Fraxinus berlandieriana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Fraxinus berlandieriana

Metadata

Record Last Modified: 2010-05-31
Research By: TWC Staff

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