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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Engelmannia peristenia (Raf.) Goodman & C.A. Lawson
Engelmann's daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy
Synonym(s): Engelmannia pinnatifida
USDA Symbol: ENPE4
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
The several stout stems of this perennial grow 2 ft. tall and are branched above to form a rounded crown. Long-stalked, yellow, eight-petaled flowers open in late afternoon then fold under in intense heat and sunlight the next day. There are few to several flowers in the terminal clusters about 1 1/2 inches across. The 8-10 ray flowers are 1/2 inch long and are indented at the tip. The deeply cleft and toothed leaves are mostly basal, forming a large clump or winter rosette.
This plant is popular on roadsides and blooms well even in drought conditions. Engelmannia is somewhat unusual in that it is a monotypic genus, meaning it contains one species.
The genus of this plant is named for George Engelmann (1809-1884) who was born in Germany and settled in St. Louis, Missouri, as a young man. He was a physician and botanist, describing especially North American Abies (Firs), Agaves, Cactus (for which he described more than 108 species), Cuscuta (Dodder), Euphorbiaceae (Spurge Family), Juncus (Rushes), Juniperus (“Cedar”), Pinus (Pines), Vitis (Grapes), and Yuccas. When he died much of his collection went to Missouri Botanical Garden.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Root Type: Tap Leaf Retention: Evergreen Leaf Complexity: Pinnate Size Notes:
1.5-2 feet. Flower:
Flowers 1 to 1 1/2 inches
Brown Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul
, TX Native Distribution:
South-central North America from Kansas, Arkansas, and Colorado in the north, south through Texas and New Mexico to northeastern Mexico Native Habitat:
Open, calcareous fields; roadsides
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Sun Soil Moisture:
Dry Soil Description:
Calcareous loams and clays. Found on dry, open sandy or limestone sites. Conditions Comments:
This plant is popular on roadsides and blooms well even in drought conditions. Engelmann daisy is excellent in a garden border or in a wildflower meadow. Each plant forms an evergreen rosette
with deeply lobed leaves. Grows as a sturdy, heat and drought tolerant plant. Birds relish the seeds.
BenefitUse Food: This plant is preferred by livestock, and will disappear from grazed areas.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: No
A fall seeding is recommended. Be sure seeds are in good contact with the soil by lightly raking the soil into loose topsoil. Engelmannia has a long taproot
and is best transplanted in winter during its rosette
Collect seed in June. Commercially Avail:
Supplemental watering may be required if winter and spring are unusually dry. Watering often extends the flowering period. After flowering ceases, allow seeds to completely mature before mowing for reseeding or collecting seed to plant in a new location.
If cut back in late summer, they sometimes bloom again in fall.
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Mr. Smarty Plants says
List of native perennial Texas flowers
March 13, 2006
Good day, I am searching for a list of native Texas flowers (preferably perennials) for a flower garden.
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Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0090
Collected Mar. 28, 1991 in Bexar County by Mollie Walton
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-56
Collected 2006-05-24 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2009-04-18
Research By: TWC Staff, TMH