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Native Plant Database

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Cyperus esculentus

Cyperus esculentus L.

Yellow nutsedge, Chufa Sedge, Yellow nut-grass

Cyperaceae (Sedge Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: CYES

USDA Native Status: L48 (NI), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)

Sedges are herbs of wet sites, often grass-like, with stems commonly 3-sided.

 

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Root Type: Fibrous , Tuberous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Inflorescence: Spike , Spikelet
Leaf: Green
Flower:
Fruit: Brown or yellow
Size Class: 0-1 ft. , 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Not Applicable
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
Bloom Notes: Perianth absent. Bloom time denotes fruiting period for Cyperus spp.

Distribution

USA: AK , AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , HI , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV
Canada: ON

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Cyperus esculentus is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Dun Skipper
(Euphyes vestris)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

National Wetland Indicator Status

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FAC
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:

Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Patsy Glenn Refuge - Wimberley, TX

Bibliography

Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 293 - Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (1979) Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Cyperus esculentus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Cyperus esculentus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cyperus esculentus

Metadata

Record Last Modified: 2009-02-18
Research By: TWC Staff

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