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Crataegus marshallii (Parsley hawthorn)
Cox, Paul

Crataegus marshallii

Crataegus marshallii Eggl.

Parsley hawthorn

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: CRMA5

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Parsley hawthorne is a small, deciduous tree or shrub to 25 ft. with slender, thorny - or sometimes thornless - branches. The dainty, white, five-petaled blossoms are followed by bright-red, persistent fruits. This species has very ornamental foliage; it is deeply cut, resembling garden parsley. Small tree with wide-spreading, slender branches and broad, irregular, open crown of parseylike foliage; or often, a low much-branched shrub. Leaves become colorful in fall.

One of the easiest hawthorns to recognize, with its small, divided leaves and small, oblong fruit. The Latin species name honors Humphry Marshall (1722-1801), U.S. botanist.

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf: Green
Flower: Flower 1 inch
Fruit:
Size Class: 12-36 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May

Distribution

USA: AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , KY , LA , MO , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA
Native Distribution: FL to s. VA, w. to e. TX & s.e. MO
Native Habitat: Sandy, alluvial woods & low pastures

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Acid-based
Conditions Comments: Seasonally poor drainage is okay. Adapts well to garden soils.

Benefit

Use Ornamental: Fall conspicuous, Blooms ornamental
Use Wildlife: Nectar-butterflies, Fruit-mammals, Fruit-birds, Only a few birds like the fruit of Crataegus and, consequently, they remain effective for a long time.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Propagation

Description: Scarified and stratified seed or scarified seed followed by outdoor sowing
Seed Collection: Fruits may be hand-picked or shaken from the plant. Clean seeds from the pulp to avoid mold and fermentation. Air-dry before storing. Store in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Seed Treatment: Scarification: up to 5 hours in concentrated sulfuric acid and/or a 120 day warm, moist treatment. Stratification: 100-300 days.
Commercially Avail: yes

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.

National Wetland Indicator Status

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FACW FACW
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:

Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE

Bibliography

Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Crataegus marshallii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Crataegus marshallii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Crataegus marshallii

Metadata

Record Last Modified: 2013-09-07
Research By: TWC Staff

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