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Crataegus marshallii Eggl.
USDA Symbol: CRMA5
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Parsley hawthorne is a small, deciduous tree or shrub to 25 ft. with slender, thorny - or sometimes thornless - branches. The dainty, white, five-petaled blossoms are followed by bright-red, persistent fruits. This species has very ornamental foliage; it is deeply cut, resembling garden parsley. Small tree with wide-spreading, slender branches and broad, irregular, open crown of parseylike foliage; or often, a low much-branched shrub. Leaves become colorful in fall.
One of the easiest hawthorns to recognize, with its small, divided leaves and small, oblong fruit. The Latin species name honors Humphry Marshall (1722-1801), U.S. botanist.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf:
Green Flower: Flower
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
, VA Native Distribution: FL
to s. VA,
w. to e. TX
& s.e. MO Native Habitat:
Sandy, alluvial woods & low pastures
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Acid-based
Conditions Comments: Seasonally poor drainage is okay. Adapts well to garden soils.
Fall conspicuous, Blooms ornamental Use Wildlife:
Nectar-butterflies, Fruit-mammals, Fruit-birds, Only a few birds like the fruit
of Crataegus and, consequently, they remain effective for a long time. Conspicuous Flowers:
PropagationDescription: Scarified and stratified seed or scarified seed followed by outdoor sowing
Seed Collection: Fruits may be hand-picked or shaken from the plant. Clean seeds from the pulp to avoid mold and fermentation. Air-dry before storing. Store in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Seed Treatment: Scarification: up to 5 hours in concentrated sulfuric acid and/or a 120 day warm, moist treatment. Stratification: 100-300 days.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-07
Research By: TWC Staff