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Strickland, Sam C.
Chloris verticillata Nutt.
Tumble windmill grass, Windmillgrass
USDA Symbol: CHVE2
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Culms: 15-40 cm tall, erect.
Panicle: 10-16 laterally spreading branches 5-15 cm. long well distributed in 2-5 verticils.
Spikelets: 4-7 spikelets per cm. of rachis.
This compact grass has a visually interesting flower consisting of 10-16 spikes arranged into at least 2 levels of windmills. The spikes may have a purplish cast. The plant was a minor member of the original prairie and is a useful component for a prairie grass mix used on disturbed sites. It is also suitable as a specimen planting among like-sized flowering plants.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Not Applicable
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
Bloom Notes: The spikelets are initially reddish green, but they later turn tan or brown when the grains become ripe. Can bloom from May until frost.
AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MO , NE , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , WY Native Distribution:
Texas: North central and western.
U.S.A.: Nebraska to southern California Native Habitat:
Heavy sandy or gravelly soils of disturbed areas, roadsides, lawns, and parks. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Description: Heavy, well drained, usually calcareous, sandy or gravelly soils, including sand, loam, clay, gravel, caliche, and limestone. Does well in compacted and disturbed soils.
BenefitUse Ornamental: An attractive, short grass for grassland restoration on disturbed sites
Use Wildlife: Poor grazing. Seeds eaten by marshland birds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: The Grass Family is an essential larval host for most branded skippers and most of the satyrs.
Deer Resistant: High
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Division , Seeds
Description: Can be grown from seed or root divisions taken in winter.
Seed Treatment: No special pre-treatment.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0934
Collected Oct 20, 1994 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-163
Collected 2007-10-14 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
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Record Modified: 2009-04-04
Research By: NPC