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Chiococca alba (West indian milkberry) | NPIN

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Chiococca alba (West indian milkberry)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Chiococca alba

West Indian milkberry, David's milkberry, Cahinca, Snowberry

Rubiaceae (Madder Family)

USDA Symbol: CHAL8

USDA Native Status:


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Drupe
Flower: Flowers 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch
Fruit: White 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch
Size Class: 0-1 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
Bloom Notes: Blooms throughout the year in its frost-free native range.


Native Distribution: Peninsular Florida and southernmost Texas south to tropical South America
Native Habitat: Thickets, chaparral, palm groves, & brush country

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Clay Loam, Medium Loam, Sandy Loam, Sandy. Moist, well-drained.


Use Ornamental: Attractive, Blooms ornamental, Fruits ornamental, Long-blooming, Ground cover
Use Wildlife: Nectar-insects, Fruit-birds, Cover
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Chiococca alba is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Miami Blue
(Cyclargus thomasi)

Food Source
Learn more at BAMONA


Propagation Material: Softwood Cuttings
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: For a thick groundcover, water during dry months.

From the National Suppliers Directory

According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:

Sanibel-Captiva Conservation Foundation Native Plant Nursery - Sanibel, FL

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX


Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Recommended Species Lists

Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.

View Recommended Species page

Additional resources

USDA: Find Chiococca alba in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Chiococca alba in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chiococca alba


Record Modified: 2009-02-27
Research By: TWC Staff

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