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Marcus, Joseph A.
Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Celtis laevigata Willd. var. reticulata (Torr.) L.D. Benson
Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche
Synonym(s): Celtis douglasii, Celtis occidentalis var. reticulata, Celtis reticulata, Celtis reticulata var. vestita
USDA Symbol: CELAR
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A tree or large shrub with gray bark, ridged on the trunk, smooth on the twigs. Leaves up to 3 inches long, smaller than those of Sugar Hackberry, with smooth margins, sometimes with teeth in the apical half, a pointed tip, and a slightly asymmetric base, the upper surface somewhat rough to the touch and darker green than the lower surface, midrib and veins light yellow on the lower. Flowers inconspicuous. Fruit spherical, 1/4 inch in diameter, reddish.
This is the native hackberry of the western United States, mainly in the Southwest, but extending eastward into the prairie states. The sweetish fruit is eaten by wildlife and was a food source for Native Americans. The branches often have deformed bushy growths called witches-brooms, produced by mites and fungi. The leaves bear rounded, swollen galls caused by tiny, jumping plant lice. This hackberry is mostly confined to areas with a constant water supply.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Orange , Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
, WY Native Distribution:
to s. CA,
e. to ID, KS, TX
& adjacent Mex. Native Habitat:
Stream banks; washes; canyons; dry, limestone hills
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Rocky, moist to dry, limestone soils.
Conditions Comments: Seeds can be planted directly outdoors in the fall. Plant seeds 1/2 inch deep in a loose, fertile, and well-drained seedbed. Keep the soil moist. Withstands severe drought and high heat. Also fairly resistant to disease and insect problems.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Deer Resistant: High
PropagationDescription: Stratified seed sown in spring or untreated seed sown in fall. Can be rooted from juvenile wood and from root sprouts or suckers.
Seed Collection: Pick mature fruits in late summer until winter. Air-dry with pulp on or soak overnight and rub pulp off on screen. Store in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Seed Treatment: May require up to 120 days of moist chilling.
Commercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Edible plants native to Austin, TX
August 05, 2009
I am a chef from Buenos Aires Argentina visiting Austin, Texas and would like to learn about native, edible plants in the region.
Please let me know if there are any native, edible plants...
view the full question and answer
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0422
Collected Jun 4, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry CliffeNPSOT 1132
Collected Mar 27, 1995 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Record Last Modified: 2009-02-20
Research By: NPC