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Vick, Albert F. W.
Amelanchier canadensis (L.) Medik.
Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush
Synonym(s): Amelanchier canadensis var. subintegra, Amelanchier lucida
USDA Symbol: AMCA4
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Canadian service-berry or shadblow service-berry is a small, understory tree or large, multi-trunked shrub usually growing in clumps with many upright branches. Its crown is delicate and open. Long-petaled, white blossoms, opening before leaves emerge, are followed by a small, crimson-colored, edible, apple-like fruit. Enduring fall foliage is orange to rusty-red. The deciduous plant grows 6-20 ft. high, sometimes taller.
Serviceberries are subject to many disease and insect problems. Damage from these problems is usually cosmetic rather than life threatening. This is an East Coast plant. However, the name is commonly used in the nursery trade and generally refers to Amelanchier arborea, or possibly some hybrids.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Red to purple Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May
, WV Canada: NB
, QC Native Distribution: ME
w. to c. NY Native Habitat:
Wood borders; moist, upland woods
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Moist, but well-drained, soils.
Conditions Comments: Serviceberries are subject to many disease and insect problems. Damage from these problems is usually cosmetic rather than life threatening.
BenefitUse Wildlife: An important browse and food plant for birds and other wildlife.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
This species can be rooted from early spring hardwood cuttings or softwood cutting taken in the summer. Sow untreated seeds in fall or cold-stratified seed in spring. Seed Collection:
Collect fruits as soon as they ripen (if you can beat the birds) and clean seeds immediately to prevent fermentation. Fertile seeds are dark brown with a leathery seed coat. Seed extraction is usually by macerating the fruit
and washing them over screens. Air dry and store in sealed, refrigerated containers for up to five years. Seed Treatment:
Cold-moist stratification for 90-120 days. Commercially Avail:
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FAC || FAC || FAC |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-07
Research By: TWC Staff