Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Search native plant database:
Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Acer rubrum var. trilobum Torr. & Gray ex K. Koch
Trident maple, Trident red maple
USDA Symbol: ACRUT
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Acer rubrum var. trilobum shares the general characteristics of its species but always has hairy-on-the-underside 3-lobed leaves, the lower 2 lobes of which are somewhat compressed. Its leaves are also more likely to turn yellow in the fall than those of varieties rubrum and drummondii, though red is still common. It prefers drier sites than variety drummondii.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Root Type: Fibrous Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Palmate Leaf Pubescence:
Hirsute Leaf Margin: Serrate Breeding System:
, Dioecious Leaf:
Green, turning red or yellow in fall. This variety is more likely to have yellow autumn foliage than the other Acer rubrum
varieties. Autumn Foliage:
Red Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: May
Bloom Notes: Male blooms are showiest
AL , AR , CT , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WV Canada: NB
, NS Native Distribution:
Eastern Canada south to Florida, west to east Texas and Oklahoma Native Habitat:
Woodland. Often found in drier sites than other Acer rubrum
varieties. USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8) , Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Drought Tolerance: Medium
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
BenefitUse Ornamental: Valued for its brilliant fall color, red male flowers in spring, and red samaras in spring on female trees
Use Wildlife: Attracts a variety of birds and mammals to its fruits and leaves. Home to a bevy of insects, including several sphinx moth species.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: For several sphinx moth species.
Deer Resistant: No
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0275
Collected June 1, 1993 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.
View Recommended Species page
Record Modified: 2009-11-26
Research By: TWC Staff, GDG