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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Acer grandidentatum Nutt.
Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Canyon maple
Synonyms: Acer grandidentatum var. grandidentatum, Acer saccharum var. grandidentatum
USDA Symbol: ACGR3
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A shrubby or somewhat tree-like maple, this species usually matures at 10-15 ft. but is sometimes taller. Its bark is dark brown and scaly and is branches are stout and erect. The thickish, three- to five-lobed deciduous leaves turn bright red and gold in the fall. Small to medium-sized tree with short trunk and spreading, rounded, dense crown; often a shrub. The scientific name, meaning large-toothed, refers to the leaves.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub
, Tree Root Type: Fibrous Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Venation: Palmate Leaf Pubescence:
Puberulent Leaf Margin: Dentate
, Lobed Leaf Apex: Obtuse Leaf Base: Cordate Breeding System:
, Dioecious Size Notes:
Dk green above, pale under with some fuzz. Autumn Foliage:
Flowers insignificant Fruit:
Green, 25 mm Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
Bloom Notes: Flowers are small, in hanging clusters, appearing with the leaves.
AZ , CO , ID , MT , NM , NV , TX , UT , WA , WY Native Distribution:
SE. Idaho south to Arizona and east to S. New Mexico and Trans-Pecos Texas; local in Edwards Plateau of S. central Texas, SW. Oklahoma, and N. Mexico; at 4000-7000 (1219-2134 m); locally to 1500 (457 m).
Moist soils of canyons in mountains and plateaus; in woodlands. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Moist soils, Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Calcareous
Conditions Comments: Propagation mostly by seed. Great fall color.
The showy autumn foliage makes it suitable as an ornamental. Use Food:
The western relative of Sugar Maple, Canyon Maple has sweetish sap
used locally to prepare maple sugar. Use Other:
The wood provides good fuel. Conspicuous Flowers:
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Plants for wildlife and trees for shade.
September 29, 2007
We live in Kempner Texas, our land has mostly cedar trees. We would like to make a wildlife habitat on the back side of our property. Can you recommend plants that will grow in shade to partial sun,...
view the full question and answer
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Hill Country Natives
- Leander, TX
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2013-03-25
Research By: NPC, JSC