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Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest

One of the most diverse regions of the country, both in climate and vegetation, is the Pacific Northwest. From mountain ranges and valleys to seacoasts and deserts, the vegetation of this area exhibits a great diversity of ecological habitats in response to variations in latitude, proximity to the ocean, rainfall, and temperature from east to west and north to south. Forests west of the Cascades, for instance, are moist coastal rainforests dominated by conifers, while forests east of the Cascades are more like the Rocky Mountains, with a mixture of conifers and deciduous trees. Woodland wildflowers, many of which are unique to this region, abound in the shady forests, while desert and grassland species thrive in the warm, dry conditions of the interior valleys. Coastal areas offer a completely different palette of wildflowers. This collection includes some of the most common wildflowers encountered in various habitats of the Pacific Northwest.

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scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery
Aquilegia formosaWestern columbine
Crimson columbine
Scarlet columbine
Red columbine
Balsamorhiza hookeriHooker's balsamroot
Hairy balsamroot
Calochortus elegansElegant mariposa lily
Calochortus luteusYellow mariposa lily
Camassia quamashSmall camas
Common camass
Swamp sego
Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifoliumFireweed
Narrow-leaf fireweed
Willow herb
Chimaphila umbellataPipsissewa
Clarkia amoenaFarewell to spring
Farewell-to-spring
Herald-of-summer
Cypripedium montanumMountain lady's slipper
Epipactis giganteaChatterbox Orchid
Giant Hellebore
Stream orchid
scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery

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