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Wildflowers of the Eastern Woodlands

Deciduous forests cover much of the eastern United States, gradually giving way to coniferous forests farther north and grasslands to the west. Dominated by deciduous trees, eastern forests typically have several vertical layers of vegetation, including a dense, upper canopy of mature trees; a subcanopy of smaller or immature trees; and an understory of shrubs and low-growing herbaceous plants. Many woodland wildflowers, called spring ephemerals, bloom before the trees have leafed out; other species, which can tolerate partial or complete shade, flower later. The species in this collection comprise some of the most common spring wildflowers in eastern deciduous forests.

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scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery
Actaea rubraRed baneberry
Anemone quinquefoliaWood anemone
Nightcaps
Aquilegia canadensisEastern red columbine
Wild red columbine
Aralia nudicaulisWild sarsaparilla
Arisaema triphyllumJack in the pulpit
Indian jack in the pulpit
Jack-in-the-pulpit
Caltha palustrisYellow marsh marigold
Yellow marsh-marigold
Cowslip
Clintonia borealisBluebead
Yellow bluebead-lily
Clintonia
Blue-bead lily
Claytonia carolinianaCarolina springbeauty
Cornus canadensisBunchberry dogwood
Canadian bunchberry
Cypripedium acauleMoccasin flower
Pink lady's slipper
scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery

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