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Wildflowers of the Eastern Woodlands

Deciduous forests cover much of the eastern United States, gradually giving way to coniferous forests farther north and grasslands to the west. Dominated by deciduous trees, eastern forests typically have several vertical layers of vegetation, including a dense, upper canopy of mature trees; a subcanopy of smaller or immature trees; and an understory of shrubs and low-growing herbaceous plants. Many woodland wildflowers, called spring ephemerals, bloom before the trees have leafed out; other species, which can tolerate partial or complete shade, flower later. The species in this collection comprise some of the most common spring wildflowers in eastern deciduous forests.

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scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery
Podophyllum peltatumMayapple
Indian apple
Wild mandrake
Pomme de mai
Podophylle pelt
Sanguinaria canadensisBloodroot
Silene virginicaFire pink
Scarlet catchfly
Tiarella cordifoliaHeartleaf foamflower
Heart-leaf foamflower
Trientalis borealisStarflower
Trillium cernuumWhip-poor-will flower
Whip-poor-will-flower
Nodding trillium
Trillium erectumRed trillium
Stinking-Benjamin
Wakerobin
Purple trillium
Trillium grandiflorumLarge-flower wakerobin
Large-flowered trillium
White trillium
Trillium undulatumPainted trillium
Painted wakerobin
Uvularia grandifloraLargeflower bellwort
Large-flower bellwort
Merrybells
scientific namecommon name(s)image gallery

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