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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Zizia aptera (Gray) Fern.
Meadow zizia, Heartleaf Alexanders, Meadow parsnip, Zizia
Synonyms: Zizia aptera var. occidentalis, Zizia cordata
USDA Symbol: ziap
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A short-lived, branching perennial with reddish stems, heart-shaped basal leaves and ternately divided stem leaves. Tiny, yellow flowers in clusters, gather into large, flat-topped flower heads. The 1-3 ft. tall plants may occur singly or in clumps.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun
AL , AR , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KY , MD , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NJ , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , UT , VA , WA , WI , WV , WY Canada: AB
, SK Native Distribution:
NY to OH, WI, Man. & e. B.C., s. to GA, AR, n.e. NV & n.w. OR Native Habitat:
Moist prairies; open woods USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist, sandy or sandy-clay soils.
Conditions Comments: Tolerant of alkaline soils.
PropagationDescription: Plant stratified seed in fall. Germination is often low and is best in cool soil. Mature plants can be divided in spring or fall.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Plant stratified seed in fall. Seeds germinate best in cool soil.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
- Hinton, WV
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2009-02-19
Research By: TWC Staff