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Woodwardia virginica (L.) Sm.
Virginia chainfern, Virginia chain fern
Synonyms: Anchistea virginica
USDA Symbol: wovi
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Virginia chain fern is a 2-3 ft. fern with thick black stems arising singly from a fast-creeping rhizome. Fertile and sterile fronds are similar. Fronds are leathery and have such deeply cut leaflets, they could almost be considered twice-pinnate. The frond is broadest in the middle and dark-green turning bronze in the fall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Not Applicable
Bloom Notes: Not a flowering plant. Reproduces by spores.
AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WV Canada: NB
, PE Native Distribution:
N.S. to FL, LA & AR, chiefly along the coast; also inland in the Great Lakes region Native Habitat:
Swamps, Still water, Stream, river banks, Near lakes or ponds USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist , Wet Soil pH:
Acidic (pH<6.8) Soil Description:
Moist to wet acid soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay Calcareous, Acid-based Conditions Comments:
This aggressive fern
will quickly take over a small garden. It is best planted in large, water-logged areas where little else will grow.
Root Division Description:
Propagate by spores or rhizome
division. Seed Collection:
Not Available Seed Treatment:
Not Available Commercially Avail:
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
- Picayune, MS
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Record Modified: 2012-11-07
Research By: TWC Staff