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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Viburnum rafinesqueanum Schult.
Synonym(s): Viburnum affine, Viburnum affine var. hypomalacum, Viburnum rafinesqueanum var. affine, Viburnum rafinesqueanum var. rafinesqueanum
USDA Symbol: vira
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A 3-6 ft. shrub, sometimes taller, with multiple straight stems in a loose habit. White, flat-topped flower clusters are followed by dark blue berries. Fall foliage is colorful.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Purple Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun
, WV Canada: MB
, ON Native Distribution:
to s.e. Man., s. to GA, AL
& AR Native Habitat:
Rocky woods; old fields; dry slopes & banks
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Dry to mesic loams and sands.
Conditions Comments: Disease and insect tolerant. Transplants well. Tolerates alkaline soil. Intolerant of flooding.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Berries eated by gamebirds, songbirds and small mammals. Grazed by hooved browsers.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Collect the fruit
as soon as it has turned a dark blue-black color. Store seeds with pulp on at 41 degrees. Commercially Avail:
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-08
Research By: TWC Staff