Vitis cinerea var. helleri
Vitis cinerea (Engelm.) Engelm. ex Millard var. helleri (L.H. Bailey) M.O. Moore
Winter grape, Heller's grape, Gray-leaf grape, Smooth-leaf grape, Sweet grape, Spanish grape
Vitaceae (Grape Family)
Synonym(s): Vitis berlandieri, Vitis cordifolia var. helleri, Vitis helleri
USDA Symbol: vicih
A common grape with a smooth surface on the lower side of the leaves. Lower surface of mature leaves with white, cobweblike hairs restricted to the veins and visible under a 10x hand lens. Leaf blades up to 4 1/2 inches long and 5 inches wide, broadly ovate to roughly heart shaped, usually with 2 broad lobes, a pointed tip, and broad teeth. Flowers minute, greenish, in branched, sometime s forked, clusters up to 8 inches long, appearing in April and May. Purplish to reddish grapes up to 5/16 inch wide, ripening from August to October, palatable.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Size Notes: 36-72
Size Class: 36-72 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May
Native Habitat: Flood plains/bottomland, Stream/river banks, Thickets
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
Conditions Comments: Rooting Hormone needed for active cuttings and not for dormant cuttings.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Twines on fences & other plants, Attractive, Fruits ornamental
Use Wildlife: Fruit-small mammals, Fruit-birds
Use Food: Blackish or bluish fruit good for the table, wine, jelly.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Edible plants native to Austin, TX
August 05, 2009
Hello, I am a chef from Buenos Aires Argentina visiting Austin, Texas and would like to learn about native, edible plants in the region. Please let me know if there are any native, edible plants...
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From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0290 Collected Aug. 21, 1992 in Kendall County by Kristina Coates
BibliographyBibref 307 - Edible and Useful Plants of Texas and the Southwest: Including recipes, harmful plants, natural dyes, and textile fibers: A Practical Guide (1999) Tull, D.
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Vitis cinerea var. helleri in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Vitis cinerea var. helleri in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Vitis cinerea var. helleri
MetadataRecord Modified: 2011-04-02
Research By: NPC