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Henderson, Mary S. and Mary Hall
Vitis cinerea var. helleri
Vitis cinerea (Engelm.) Engelm. ex Millard var. helleri (L.H. Bailey) M.O. Moore
Winter grape, Heller's grape, Gray-leaf grape, Smooth-leaf grape, Sweet grape, Spanish grape
Synonym(s): Vitis berlandieri, Vitis cordifolia var. helleri, Vitis helleri
USDA Symbol: vicih
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A common grape with a smooth surface on the lower side of the leaves. Lower surface of mature leaves with white, cobweblike hairs restricted to the veins and visible under a 10x hand lens. Leaf blades up to 4 1/2 inches long and 5 inches wide, broadly ovate to roughly heart shaped, usually with 2 broad lobes, a pointed tip, and broad teeth. Flowers minute, greenish, in branched, sometime s forked, clusters up to 8 inches long, appearing in April and May. Purplish to reddish grapes up to 5/16 inch wide, ripening from August to October, palatable.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Vine Leaf Retention: Deciduous Size Notes:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May
DistributionUSA: TX Native Habitat:
Flood plains/bottomland, Stream/river banks, Thickets
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
Conditions Comments: Rooting Hormone needed for active cuttings and not for dormant cuttings.
Twines on fences & other plants, Attractive, Fruits ornamental Use Wildlife:
Fruit-small mammals, Fruit-birds Use Food:
Blackish or bluish fruit
good for the table, wine, jelly. Conspicuous Flowers:
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Edible plants native to Austin, TX
August 05, 2009
I am a chef from Buenos Aires Argentina visiting Austin, Texas and would like to learn about native, edible plants in the region.
Please let me know if there are any native, edible plants...
view the full question and answer
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
- Austin, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0290
Collected Aug. 21, 1992 in Kendall County by Kristina Coates
Record Last Modified: 2011-04-02
Research By: NPC