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Stewartia ovata (Cav.) Weath.
Mountain camellia, Mountain stewartia
Synonym(s): Malachodendron pentagynum, Stewartia pentagyna
USDA Symbol: stov
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A 12-20 ft., oval-shaped shrub. Solitary or few-clustered trunked with strongly ascending branches. Dark-brown bark is smooth, with patches of exfoliating sheets revealing orange inner bark. Colorful fall foliage. Large, showy, solitary, white flower with crimped and scalloped edges and numerous purple stamens. Shrub or small tree with gray; hairless twigs, bright green foliage, and large white flowers.
Though found in 8 states, this uncommon species is mostly confined to the southern Appalachians. The scientific name refers to the egg-shaped leaves.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jul
, VA Native Distribution: VA
to s.e. KY,
s. to n. GA
& AL Native Habitat:
Wooded stream margins in the mountains
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Moist, humus rich, sandy loams.
Conditions Comments: Disease and insect free but sensitive to drought and soil compaction.
PropagationDescription: One method of propagation by seed is to sow fresh seeds in cold frame or greenhouse and keep the seedlings lightly shaded the first year. Another method is to double-stratify the seeds and fall sow in a well-protected spot. Germination may take two year
Seed Collection: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
- Warrensville, NC
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Mt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-08
Research By: TWC Staff